What is implied offer? An implied offer is one that’s implied rather than overtly stated. For instance, a person who buys a product from a seller assumes that the product functions properly without a seller explicitly claiming that the product works. An agreement stems from the offer, and the offer is then construed as the proposal. According to the Contract Act, a person who makes an offer, when he or she implies to another party regarding the validity of a product or service, has officially entered into an implied offer agreement.

All parties involved break down to the following:

  1. Offeror: A person who makes the offer is known as the offeror
  2. Offeree: A person who hears the offer is called an offeree

Offer Components

  1. Express Offer: This is an offer accomplished through words that can be written or oral. Oral offers may be conducted over the telephone or in person. A written offer may be also be accomplished through advertisement, or email.
  2. Implied Offer: This is an offer conducted through sign or acting. However, if the opposite party remains silent over the offer, the offer itself is not valid.
  3. General Offer: This is an offer that’s conveyed to the public rather than a certain person. For instance, a person who places an advertisement in a newspaper constitutes a general offer, and someone who answers the ad is the offeree.
  4. Specific Offer: This is an offer that’s made to a group or certain individual. For instance, John offers to purchase a truck from Jim. Therefore, the specific offer is made to a certain individual, and only Jim may accept or decline the offer.
  5. Cross Offer: When all parties make a similar offer to the other without knowing that the offer is known as a cross offer. For instance, X sends an email to Y to buy the car for $2,000, while Y unknowingly sent an email to X stating his wish to purchase the car at $2,000. The cross offer is accomplished where a single party must accept the offer of another.
  6. Open or Standing Offer: This is an offer that remains continuous.

What Makes a Deal Successful

When it comes to expectations in creating a legal relationship, the offer must be established in lawful relations. Offers should comprise of one party making the offer and the other accepting it. Regarding certain and clear terms, the terms of the offer should be clear and certain and not unclear. When dealing with unclear terms, no agreement may be set in stone because the language would foster confusion and potential miscommunication.

The goal of an offer is also intention, but offer and intention are different. The intention to offer notes that an offer would be made. Regardless of how the offer is conducted, it must be rooted in communication. The offeror should state the terms and conditions concisely, and the offeree should communicate clearly as well. If an offer is accepted without sound communication, the offer itself could be rendered invalid. The offeror cannot press an offer if an offeree does not accept it for a period. Until offeree gives a response, only then would the offer be considered valid.

Implied Offer Basics

Implied agreements are forged when two or more individuals have no written contract, but a law forms an obligation in fairness based on the circumstances of all parties. There are also two kinds of implied agreements: in-fact and at-law. An implied agreement is a legal substitute for an agreement that’s assumed to have taken place. In such a case, there is no written or oral agreement. If the conduct of the party created an obligation of some kind, the law would rule that both parties had an in-fact agreement.

The legal elements of implied-in-fact agreements include the following:

  1. Acceptance and offer
  2. Consideration and mutuality of intent

With that, some terms should be deducted from the actions of the party.

Implied at-law agreements apply when the law levies a duty to perform an agreement and enforces an agreement against a person’s wishes if necessary. This can take place in cases where one party would stand to benefit at the expense of the other party. Since a party would unjustly enrich him or herself, the beneficiary must pay a fair value or make restitution on all services.

To learn more about an implied offer, you can post your job on UpCounsel’s website. UpCounsel’s lawyers will give you a helping hand on all matters pertaining to offers, and whether you are agreeing to a fair deal. In addition, they will defend your rights in court if one party retracts his or her promise in an agreement.