Illinois S Corp Formation

Illinois S Corporation Formation

Steven Stark S Corporation Lawyer for IL

For over 30 years, Steven Stark has offered counsel to non-profit organizations and private companies. He has a passion for helping small businesses in particular since he himself started several businesses of his own in New York and Florida. He understands the importance of small businesses having a reliable attorney to advise them about legal matters from their inception.
196 reviews

Joshua Garber S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Representing notable clients like Tesla and the City of Los Angeles, Josh Garber excels at helping clients with employment and labor laws. Many of his past clients have had great success using Josh for employment agreements and Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE) hearings. With his practical advice, he has even helped clients avoid going to court.
153 reviews

Caleb St.-Jean S Corporation Lawyer for IL

After working for more than five years in software development and technology consulting, Caleb St.-Jean earned his JD from the Chicago-Kent College of Law. As a patent attorney at the Law Office of Caleb St.-Jean, he is committed to seeing long-term success for his clients. He provides small companies with individualized strategies and better business ideas at an affordable price.
21 reviews

Cynthia Pietrucha S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Cynthia Pietrucha is a licensed Illinois attorney who provides legal counsel to businesses and individuals. With particular expertise in the area of employee rights and employment law, she has represented both employees and employers. In addition, she is experienced in contracts as well as aspects of business and entertainment law. Cynthia holds a J.D. from Northern Illinois University College of Law.

Sean P. Patrick, Esq. S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Sean P. Patrick, Esq. works as a co-managing partner at Rifkind Patrick LLC. Mr. Patrick is best known for his knowledge of business law and has helped hundreds of clients in regulatory compliance, trade secrets, business law, and product liability cases. Mr. Patrick is an active member of both the Illinois State Bar Association and Chicago Bar Association. In addition to his business law experience, Mr. Patrick worked as a legal clerk at the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.

Bryan D. Pitts S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Bryan Pitts has a little over 3 years of experience practicing business law including taxes, business formation, non-profit formation, and commercial contracts. Prior to working as an attorney, Mr. Pitts worked as a legal extern for the IRS and researched current and past tax issues and reviewed and submitted them to the Appeals Division. His experience guides him and he can help you navigate all of your business tax-related concerns.

Alex Rechenmacher S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Alex Rechenmacher is on a mission to help as many clients as he can while always being transparent throughout the process. He specializes in debt and bankruptcy, commercial real estate, business formation, and trademarks and copyright laws. With over 6 years of experience, Attorney Rechenmacher is ready to help you and use the knowledge he has gained from his prior experiences.

Adam Nagreski S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Adam Nagreski has been licensed to practice law in Illinois for over three years. He obtained his J.D. at the Southern Illinois University School of Law and has worked with companies such as Franklin County State’s Attorney and The Center for Financial, Legal and Tax Planning in his local area. Adam specializes in a variety of business legal cases, including the formulation of businesses, real estate, employment and copyrights.

Patrick Kelly S Corporation Lawyer for IL

Patrick represents a range of businesses and individuals in litigation and transactional matters at The Kelly Law Firm, P.C. He has advocated for plaintiffs and defendants in civil litigation in state and federal courts and served as first chair trial counsel in many jury trials. His practice areas include small business representation and property-related matters.
7 reviews

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Why use UpCounsel to form an S Corporation in Illinois

Starting an S Corporation in Illinois with a business startup attorney on UpCounsel is easy, informative, and cost-effective. In just three simple steps, our S Corporation attorneys will help you protect your business and personal assets, and help you organize your business for state and federal compliance for an S Corporation.

When forming an S Corporation in Illinois with UpCounsel, the attorney you choose to help you will conduct a business name search for your Illinois S Corporation and assist you in preparing your S Corporation Operating Agreement, along with providing other legal services based on your needs. Once your Articles of Incorporation have been prepared and successfully filed with the Illinois Secretary of State Department of Business Services, your Illinois S Corporation has been formed and begins its existence as a corporate entity.

However, a corporation does not register as an S Corporation with the Secretary of State. It registers as a corporation with the state and then may file for S Corporation status with the IRS. S Corporation status is a taxation category which provides income tax advantages to small businesses.

Choosing a Company Name for Your S Corporation

One of the first steps in the process of forming your S Corporation is to choose your business name.

The business name that you choose must contain the word "Corporation", "Company", "Incorporated", "Limited", or an abbreviation of one of those words. It must be distinguishable (not the same as or deceptively similar to) the name of an S Corp or foreign S Corporation reserved or registered.

Your S Corporation name may contain the name of one or more members.

By using UpCounsel, you can choose several business names in order of preference. Your attorney of choice can then conduct a name check for your Illinois S Corp before filing to see which names are available. Once you have chosen an available name, your chosen S Corporation attorney can help you properly register your name with the State of Illinois.

Requirements for Forming a Illinois S Corporation

Articles of Incorporation: When forming an S Corporation in Illinois, the Articles of Incorporation must be filed with the Illinois Secretary of State Department of Business Services. Illinois state law requires that certain information be included in your Articles of Incorporation when forming your Illinois S Corporation.

This information must include:

  1. The S-Corp's name and address.
  2. The S-Corp's registered agent's name and address.
  3. The purpose for which the S Corporation is organized.
  4. The number of shares the corporation is authorized to issue and the consideration (money or property) the corporation will receive for the shares.

Additionally, a Illinois S Corporation formation generally requires inclusion and/or consideration of the following:

S Corporation Qualification Requirements: For a corporation to qualify as a S Corporation for tax purposes, it must meet the following requirements:

  1. Must be a domestic corporation.
  2. Have only allowable shareholders including individual, certain trusts, and estates; and may not include partnerships, corporations or non-resident shareholders.
  3. Have only one class of stock
  4. Have no more than 100 shareholders
  5. Not be an ineligible corporation (i.e. certain financial institutions, insurance companies, and domestic international sales corporations).

Additionally, a Illinois S Corporation formation generally requires inclusion and/or consideration of the following:

S Corporation Operating Agreement: Although the S Corporation Operating Agreement is not required with the Articles of Incorporation, it is a good idea for every S Corporation with more than one member to have one. The Articles of Incorporation may contain restrictions or prohibitions on the power of the members to adopt, amend, or repeal an operating agreement.

Membership: A S Corporation must have one or more members.

Eligibility Requirements: A natural person or an entity.

Procedure for Membership: The member may acquire an interest in the S Corporation directly from the S Corporation at the time of formation and, after formation, at the time provided in and upon compliance with the Articles of Incorporation or the operating agreement or, if not provided, only upon the vote of a majority in interest of the S Corporation members, excluding the vote of the person acquiring the membership interest, and only when the person becomes a party to the S-Corp's operating agreement.

Business Licenses: Business licenses and/or permits are required for most S-Corp's offering specific professional services. Contact the Illinois State Corporations Commission for specific licenses.

Resident Agent needed for a Illinois S Corporation

Remember every Illinois S Corporation must have a registered agent in Illinois, which is the person or office designated to receive official state correspondence and notice if the company is "served" with a lawsuit. The statutory agent may be an Illinois resident or business entity authorized to do business in Illinois. If the registered agent is a corporation, its articles must authorize it to act as an agent. The registered agent must have a physical Illinois street address.

Illinois Secretary of State

Once you create an S Corporation in Illinois, the Illinois Secretary of State will require that certain recurring responsibilities and duties be fulfilled. The most important of these are explained below.

For further information, contact the Illinois Secretary of State.

Recurring Responsibilities and Duties for Illinois S Corporations

Annual Report: Each S Corporation shall provide an annual report to the Illinois Secretary of State Department of Business Services regarding its financial condition to each of its members. The report must be filed by the S-Corp's anniversary date and the filing fee is $75.

Incorporator's Statement: Each S Corporation must keep in its records a signed "Incorporator's Statement" showing the names and addresses of the initial directors who will serve on the board until the first annual meeting of shareholders.

Filing Fees for a Illinois S Corporation

The filing fee is $150 plus an initial franchise tax payment assessed at rate of $1.50 per $1,000 of paid-in capital represented in Illinois. The minimum initial franchise tax is $25. Also, the general fees for filing and reserving a S-Corp's name is $300. These fees can change so it would be best to check with the Illinois Secretary of State Department of Business Services on what the latest fees are. You may pay these fees in many different forms including cash, check, money orders, or debit and credit cards.

Taxes for a Illinois S Corporation

A Illinois S Corporation is a special type of corporation created through an IRS tax election. An eligible corporation can avoid double taxation (once to the corporation and again to the shareholders) by a corporation with a Subchapter S designation by the IRS. A corporation must file a Form 2553 to elect "S" status within two months and 15 days after the beginning of the tax year.

Owners of the S Corporation report business losses or profits on their personal tax returns, and therefore the business itself is not taxed. Each shareholder is responsible for paying taxes on their pro rata share of the S corporation's items of income, deductions, and credits (through a Schedule K-1 form).

Illinois state law follows federal law for income tax purposes. Therefore if a corporation is classified as an association taxable as a S Corporation for federal income tax purposes, so will it be taxable as a corporation for state tax purposes.

Federal Income Tax: An S Corporation does not pay federal income tax.

Illinois State Income Tax: Illinois does not impose an income tax on businesses. However, Illinois S Corporations are Subject to Illinois' replacement tax at a reduced rate.

Federal Tax Identification Number: Your corporation will need to obtain a federal tax identification number, which is also known as an Employment Identification Number (EIN). You do not need to get a new EIN after the corporation choose to become a S Corporation. An EIN is similar to an individual's social security number. You will need an EIN for your S Corporation as long as there is one member, even if the S Corporation does not have employees. For certain tax filing requirements the attorney you choose on UpCounsel can help prepare your Federal Tax ID Application, if you have not done so already.

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