Updated November 9, 2020:

Getting a contract of purchase and sale is more common than you may realize. This type of document is used whenever you plan to buy or sell expensive items, such as property or a structure. It is crucial that you are aware of what will be included in this type of agreement whether you are a buyer or a seller.

What is a Purchase and Sales Agreement?

A purchase and sale agreement is a type of document that is received after the mutual acceptance of an offer. This document will include the finalized sale price as well as the different terms of the sale. A basic contractual form is a contract of purchase and sale.

This contract is an enforceable agreement between two parties to buy and sell. It is used for complex transactions such as those involving business assets and real estate.

A purchase and sales agreement is different from a bill of sale. Conditions have to be met first for the sale to be finalized.

A purchase and sales agreement is often referred to by different names based on the type of transaction and the state in which the sale takes place. For the agreement to be considered a contract of purchase and sale, all parties must agree to the following:

·      Each party must have a buyer and a seller

·      Both parties have to agree on what is being sold. It has to be an actual object or one that can be ascertained

·      All parties have to agree on a monetary purchase price

The agreement will include details about both parties including their full names, addresses, phone numbers, and the names of co-signers if applicable. It also will display the date of the agreement, the type of sale used, and the amount of any deposits made. In addition, the agreement will list the dates of when the contract is to be finalized along with the date of actual closing.

The descriptions of the property need to be detailed and include any defects that the seller is aware if, if any. The agreement could also state that the buyer may inspect the property and bring in expert inspectors if necessary.

Additional information can be included that states whether or not the property meets the expectation of the buyer once it has been inspected. If no defects have been disclosed by the seller, the buyer could opt to either renegotiate the contract or get out altogether.

With regard to real estate where a loan is needed for purchase, the agreement will need to outline the financial terms required so that the sale can be completed.

Any interest rates, the amount that is financed, the amount of the down payment, commissions, escrow, and any other pertinent financial information will also be included in the purchase and sales agreement.

If there is some reason why the funds are not available, the termination terms for the contract and all involved will also be listed in the contract.

The contract will also specify that the seller is allowed to sell the property and will be able to sign over ownership to the buyer. It is typically the responsibility of the seller to ensure any mortgages or loans, back taxes and any other transferable details are handled either before or immediately after the closing.

Items Included in a Purchase and Sales Agreement

While the elements of the contract will be different from state to state, a purchase and sales agreement will typically involve the following:

1.     The final sales price. This is the agreed-upon purchase price between the buyer and seller. Keep in mind that the price could change before the closing. For example, if the inspection goes south, the buyer could possibly negotiate a lower price.

2.     Earnest money details. The agreement will have the information on the deposit, including the amount and how it will be made.

3.     The closing date. This is the date on which you will close the sale and the transfer of property will take place. The check for the transaction is held by a third party until the deal has concluded.

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