If you're looking to become a U.S. citizen, the citizenship test is one of the most critical steps. You will need to pass it to be eligible for naturalization and take your oath of allegiance.


The citizen test consists of 100 questions about American history, government, and civics. You must correctly answer 6 out of 10 questions to pass the citizenship test. The USCIS has provided some sample questions on its website to get an idea of what they might ask you during the exam.


Unfortunately, the sample questions are not the same ones you will see on your exam. The USCIS has designed its test and uses different questions each time they administer it. However, if you can easily answer the sample questions, you should have no problem passing the citizenship test.


This article will cover the most common topics in the citizenship test. We will also provide some sample questions and answers so you can understand what to expect on the exam.


What to Bring to the Citizenship Test?

When you take the practice test, you will need to bring identification and proof of your eligibility for citizenship. The USCIS will provide you with a list of what you need to get, but in most cases, this includes:


  • A copy of the application form you submitted
  • A copy of the notice you received from USCIS about your test date.
  • Any other evidence that proves who you say you are (such as school records, medical records, etc.)
  • A government-issued photo I.D., like a passport or driver's license
  • Proof of your relationship to a U.S. citizen if you have one (such as a birth certificate)
  • Evidence that you have lived in the U.S. for at least three months (if you are applying from overseas)
  • Any documentation related to naturalization ceremonies or oaths taken by family members
  • Any other documents that support your application

What's on the Test

The citizen test consists of 100 questions; you'll get two hours to complete it. You'll answer questions on English grammar, reading comprehension, writing ability, and U.S. civics knowledge (which includes history and government). There are three parts to the test:


Reading Comprehension


This part of the naturalization test will ask you about short passages dealing with topics like science fiction movies or current events in sports. You'll need to answer questions that require a basic understanding of the passage—such as who wrote it or what happened in it—and more detailed questions about specific ideas presented in it.


Listening Comprehension


The listening comprehension part of the test for citizenship will ask you about a short audio recording that presents a situation or problem and asks questions about it. You'll hear the recording twice, once at average speed and again at half-speed. You'll need to listen carefully and answer questions that require a basic understanding of the recording—such as what was said, who said it, and why—and more detailed questions about specific ideas presented in the recording.


Writing Skills


The writing skills portion of the test will ask you to write an essay that presents your opinion about a topic. The writing skills test can be challenging because you must write an essay quickly. However, it won't be too difficult if you're familiar with the topics covered during the trial—such as how to plan and organize your article—and practice writing regularly.


The Civil Test


The civil test is another portion of the exam where you will get ten questions out of 100 to test your knowledge of the U.S. government and its history. The civil test is just as important as the other sections of the exam because it will determine whether you are qualified to become a U.S. citizen. You can expect the civil test to cover topics such as the U.S. Constitution, national symbols, and government agencies.


If you haven't studied for this part of the exam, it won't be easy to pass it on your first try. You only need to score 60% on this section to pass the exam, but we recommend that you aim for a higher score, so you have more chances of passing. If you fail one area of the test, there is no need to worry because you can retake it at any time.


The applicant may be exempt from taking the civics test in English and eligible to take it in a language other than English, depending on their age and length of time as a lawful permanent resident. Because the questions on your U.S. citizenship test are subject to change over time, you should be sure to study the current version of each question to prepare for the test. You can find training material online to help you learn.


The USCIS recommends that you visit their website and download the free, official U.S. Citizenship Test Study Guide. This guide will provide you with a list of questions and answers similar to those on the test and other helpful tips for taking the exam.


U.S. Citizenship Test Questions and Answers

The following is a list of frequently asked citizenship test questions and answers. This test aims to ensure that all applicants understand basic U.S. history, government, and civics principles necessary for being a good citizen.


When preparing for your citizenship interview, you must know what questions you will encounter in the exam, study them beforehand and prepare for this critical step in your naturalization process.


Please note that these answers are provided for educational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice. Please consult an attorney or accredited representative before taking the test if you have any specific questions about your citizenship interview.


Here are some of the questions and answers from the citizen test USA:


Question: What is the most important right granted to U.S. citizens?


Answer: The most important right granted to U.S. citizens is the right to vote.


Common Citizenship Test Questions & Answers

Question: What is the document's name that sets out the fundamental rights of British citizens?


Answer: The document that sets out the fundamental rights of British citizens is called the British Bill of Rights.


Question: What is the document's name that sets out the fundamental rights of U.S. citizens? Answer: The document that sets out the fundamental rights of U.S. citizens is called the U.S. Constitution.


Question: What does it mean to be a citizen?


Answer: It means you have certain rights, duties, and responsibilities and a say in how government works.


Question: How many states are there in the United States?


Answer: The United States has 50 states.


Question: What is the capital of the United States?


Answer: The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C.


Question: What are two rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution?


Answer: Freedom of speech and freedom to practice religion without government interference or discrimination are rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.


Question: Who is the Current President?


Answer: Joe Biden is currently serving as the 46th President of the United States. Elected in 2020, Biden took office on January 20, 2021.


Questions about U.S. History

Questions about U.S. History are common and can be challenging to answer. However, you can quickly answer these questions with some research and understanding. One of the most common questions about U.S. History is:


Question: How was the country formed?


Answer: The United States was formed after the Revolutionary War when the colonies declared independence from Great Britain. After gaining their freedom, the colonies had to create a new government; this process was challenging but eventually led to the ratification of the Constitution, which made our current form of government depend on democratic principles and equal rights for all citizens regardless of race or gender.


Questions about the U.S. Flag

The U.S. Flag is a powerful symbol of the United States and means different things to different people. Some Americans see the flag as a symbol of patriotism and freedom, while others see it as a symbol of racism and oppression.


The flag is also controversial because there are no right or wrong answers regarding its meaning—it depends on who you ask! You may not agree with some of these interpretations, but understanding their importance will help you learn more about this crucial symbol that represents our country's history, culture, and values as they have evolved.


Questions about the U.S. Constitution

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. It lays out the fundamental rights and responsibilities of American citizens, including freedom of speech, religion, and due to privacy. Some of the questions you may get about the Constitution include the following:


Question: What is the U.S. Constitution?


Answer: The Constitution is a document that defines how our country operates as a republic (a government ruled by elected representatives). It was written in 1787 by 55 men who wanted to create a government that would protect their rights as citizens. They drafted what we now call "the Bill of Rights,"—which includes ten amendments outlining specific freedoms like free speech or freedom from unreasonable search and seizure—to protect those rights from being taken away by an oppressive government or other outside forces like a king or dictator.


Question: Why do we have this document?


Answer: The framers of the Constitution wanted all Americans, regardless of their backgrounds or origins, to enjoy equal rights under the law. They also wanted to ensure that the government could not take away those rights.


Questions about the U.S. Courts

What are the U.S. Courts?


The U.S. Courts are the judicial branch of the U.S. government. They are responsible for interpreting and applying the law, which is why they're sometimes called "the third branch" of government along with Congress and the President (who are part of what's called "the executive branch").


The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest law court in America. It consists of nine justices—called "justices" because they are supposed to be fair and impartial when making decisions about laws, cases, and other issues that come before them.


The Supreme Court has many essential duties. Its most important role is to decide whether the laws passed by Congress and signed by the President are constitutional. If someone feels that one of these laws violates their rights, they can bring a case before the court. It can declare laws unconstitutional if those laws don't match up with our country's founding documents about how America should be run; it can also decide cases involving states, other countries, federal agencies—even private citizens.


Questions about the U.S. Government

The U.S. government is a complex system with many moving parts. As a result, there are a lot of questions about how it works. Here are some of the most common questions about the U.S. government:


Question: How does the U.S. government work?


Answer: The U.S. government is a representative democracy with three separate branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Each branch has its responsibilities and powers, outlined in the Constitution of the United States.


The legislative branch has two chambers; the Senate and the House of Representatives. The executive branch consists of the President and his Cabinet, while the judicial branch includes the Supreme Court and lower courts. Each branch has its responsibilities and powers, outlined in the Constitution of the United States.


Question: What are the three branches of the U.S. government?


Answer: The three branches of the U.S. government are the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.


Question: What are the roles of the President, Congress, and the courts?


Answer: The President is the head of state and government. He leads the executive branch, which includes the Cabinet and other federal agencies. The President also appoints Supreme Court justices with the advice and consent of Congress. The Congress is a bicameral body composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The legislative branch makes federal laws and approves presidential appointments to government positions. The judicial branch interprets the law, and the President appoints its members. The Supreme Court has the final say over the interpretation of federal laws, but it can only rule on cases brought to it by lower courts.


Question: How does the U.S. raise money?


Answer: The U.S. raises money by collecting taxes and borrowing from the public. The federal government collects income, corporate, payroll, and excise taxes. These funds help to pay for government programs such as Social Security and Medicare benefits, military spending, and infrastructure projects like roads and bridges.


Question: What is the difference between federal and state governments?


Answer: The main difference between the federal and state governments is that the federal government has exclusive powers. The Constitution lists specific powers that belong to the federal government, while all other powers are for the states. The states, however, are not required to abide by federal law. The Constitution does not give the national government power over individual rights or issues considered "local" in nature.


Question: What are states of union?


Answer: The states of the union are the 50 states that make up the United States of America. The Constitution defines these states as "sovereign" entities, meaning they have authority over their laws and regulations.


What Happens if You Don't Pass Your First Test

If you don't pass your first test, don't worry! You can always retake the test. However, you may want to wait a few days to study the material and ensure you feel prepared. If you pass your first test, you're ready to take on the next part of your citizenship journey.


You'll be able to apply for your naturalization interview and take the oath of allegiance that officially makes you an American citizen! The naturalization interview is the final step in becoming a U.S. citizen. It's an opportunity for you to explain why you want to become a citizen and how being an American would benefit your life and those around you.


After the Test: Result, Interview, and Next Steps

Once you have taken the test, you will have to wait for the result. If you pass the test, then congratulations! You can now prepare for your interview by rehearsing your answers to the questions they are likely to ask you.


The next step is to wait for the interview date. When that day comes, remember that it is essential to arrive on time so as not to be late in getting through with this process and get your citizenship card issued as soon as possible.


If you encounter any problem regarding documents or anything else during the process of obtaining citizenship through naturalization, contact us. We will help resolve them immediately, so there is no delay in processing your application and issuing a decision.





What questions would you add to the Citizenship test?

I would add questions about the history of the United States and geography. People who want to be citizens should know more about these topics than what is on a test.


Is there a definitive list of all the citizenship test questions?

Yes, there is a list of all the questions that may appear on the naturalization test. You can find those here: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/document/questions-and-answers/100q.pdf.


What happens if you fail a citizenship civics test?

You will get another chance to retake the test within 60 to 90 days of your first failure. If you fail on your second attempt, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will deny your application if you fail twice.



The process of obtaining citizenship through naturalization can be a tedious one. However, if you are eligible and have all the required documents in place, then there is no reason why you should not apply for citizenship and get your card issued as soon as possible. In the case of any issues concerning documents or anything else during the process of obtaining citizenship through naturalization, contact Upcounsel today.


We will connect you to the right law firm or attorney who understands the entire citizenship application process. The experienced attorney will take you through how it works within each state's jurisdiction, what forms you must fill out, what documentation you need to submit and where you must submit those forms so that everything goes smoothly from start to finish! If you have any questions about U.S. citizenship or the naturalization process, contact Upcounsel today to speak with one of the immigration lawyers specializing in this area.