1. Introduction to Revocation
2. Revocation Definitions

Revocation cases involve canceling or annulling something that has been given to another person, including a contract or an offer.

Introduction to Revocation

Revocation can come in a variety of forms, and revocation cases can involve both criminal and civil issues.

You can find many examples of revocation, including:

  • An offer being withdrawn.
  • A military member having their privileges removed.
  • A person losing their right to a driver's license.

Even if you want to revoke something that you have granted to another person, your ability to do so will depend on many different factors. A revocation can either be implied or expressed. When expressly revoking a will, for example, the revocation should as formal as the will, if not more so. This rule may not apply depending on the state where the revocation takes place. Under English law, implied revocations occur when a child is born or when a marriage takes place.

Revocation Definitions

When the term revocation is used in contract law, it can mean that a contract has been terminated or that an offer has been withdrawn.

When an offer has been made, the offeree has the power to accept the offer. If acceptance occurred, the person who made the offer must perform their duties. The offeror, however, has the legally ability to revoke the offer at any time before it has been accepted. Revoking an offer usually occurs when the offeree takes too long to consider the offer or sends a counteroffer that includes terms not acceptable to the offeror.

Revocation can only take place before acceptance. If acceptance occurs, the offer is now a legally binding agreement. Buyers can also use revocation as a legal remedy if the item that they purchased does not match what was described in the contract. When a buyer receives goods that do not conform to the contract they signed, they can either reject the goods or revoke their acceptance. The buyer must show that the goods do not match the contract before they will be allowed to revoke acceptance.

Several methods are available for terminating an offer. First, the termination can be communicated to the offeree either indirectly or directly. Second, the offer can be revoked by publication. Unlike other forms of communication, revocation will occur as soon as the notice is published and not when the offeree is alerted to the revocation.

Many people don't realize that having a driver's license is a privilege and not a right. Because of this, a person's driver's license could be suspended or even revoked in many circumstances. While the revocation of a driver's license is usually the result of an illegal act by the driver, actually revoking the license may take place separately from criminal proceedings.

The Department of Motor Vehicles in every state will have individual guidelines for revoking a license. In every state, a driver's license can be revoked if a person is convicted of DUI multiple times or accrues too many violations or traffic ticket points on their license. If a person's license is suspended and they are caught driving, revocation of their license may be the consequence.

Several violations can result in a revoked driver's license, including:

  • Driving recklessly.
  • Racing a vehicle.
  • Fleeing an accident scene.
  • Ignoring a traffic summons.

Some offenses not related to driving can cause a person's license to be revoked, such as:

  • Ignoring a court order for child support.
  • Being convicted of a drug offense.
  • Altering license plates/registration stickers.

Power of attorney can also be revoked in many circumstances. When a person grants Power of Attorney, it means they are allowing someone else to make certain decisions on their behalf. Power of Attorney can be very broad or can be limited to a single responsibility. In either case, Power of Attorney must be granted in writing, and the document granting these powers must be signed in front of witnesses. Wills can be revoked when a new will is written that contradicts the terms of a previous will or when an old will is destroyed.

Once Power of Attorney has been granted, it can be revoked whenever the grantor wants, as long as they are determined legally competent. Revoking Power of Attorney must also take place in writing and a signature will again need to be witnessed.

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