Pennsylvania S Corp Formation

Pennsylvania S Corporation Formation

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Steven S.

Steven Stark

316 reviews
For over 30 years, Steven Stark has offered counsel to non-profit organizations and private companies. He has a passion for helping small businesses in particular since he himself started several businesses of his own in New York and Florida. He understands the importance of small businesses having a reliable attorney to advise them about legal matters from their inception.
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Richard G.

Richard Gora

172 reviews
Looking for an attorney with experience? Richard Gora is the exact attorney you want. Having defended over 100 cases both in state and federal courts and working with clients from around the globe, Richard has an array of different experiences. His services are wide-ranging and include business litigation, securities litigations, employment litigation, and business counsel. Prior to founding Gora LLC, he worked for Finn, Dixon & Herling LLP for eight years.
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Joshua G.

Joshua Garber

221 reviews
Representing notable clients like Tesla and the City of Los Angeles, Josh Garber excels at helping clients with employment and labor laws. Many of his past clients have had great success using Josh for employment agreements and Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE) hearings. With his practical advice, he has even helped clients avoid going to court.
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Brian M.

Brian Malkin

2 reviews
Brian Malkin is an attorney at law with 23 years of experience. He is licensed to practice law in Pennsylvania. Brian is also a member of the Pennsylvania Patent Bar. He has a J.D. in law, which he obtained from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. Brian primarily specializes in trademark and copyright law. He has been serving as the principal attorney of Ference & Associates since November 2009. Prior to this position, he was an attorney at Malone Middleman, PC.
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Richard D.

Richard Devlin

2 reviews
Richard Devlin is a corporate attorney that specializes in startups. He is also experienced in dealing with legal cases related to financing and commercial contracts. Richard has 17 years’ experience and has a license to practice law in Pennsylvania. He has a J.D. in law, which he received after graduating cum laude from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. Richard is currently a member of the Forefront Legal Group and the Vice President of Lombard International.
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Melissa R.

Melissa Rand

Counseling clients on entity formation, corporate governance issues, and day-to-day operations, Melissa Rand assists in documenting sophisticated business transactions. Her areas of focus are mergers and acquisitions, fund formation, and finances. Before beginning a legal career, Ms. Rand worked at the Lehman Brothers Investment Bank as an interest rate derivate sales associate.
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Michelle O.

Michelle O'brien

Michelle O’Brien was named as a Rising Star in the area of Energy and Natural Resources Law by Philadelphia Magazine three times. She is a licensed attorney in Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland and Columbia. She finished law school from the University of Maryland School of Law in 2002. Her expertise includes commercial lending, energy, real estate and corporate and commercial transactions. She is a Pennsylvania Bar Association’s Oil and Gas Committee. She is the founder of O'Brien Law Group.
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Aaron P.

Aaron Peskin

2 reviews
Aaron is a founding partner of the Ferrara Law Group, which is located in Trenton, New Jersey and Narberth, Pennsylvania. He has experience in a wide variety of complex leg... read more
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Jason U.

Jason Ulrich

2 reviews
I am an attorney who provides big law-firm experience and expertise with a small law-firm feel. As an attorney formally working at large Philadelphia area firm, I decided t... read more
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G. Clinton K.

G. Clinton Kelley

Along with business litigation cases, G. Clinton Kelley handles business formation and contract negotiation. Although he has experience representing large corporations, he prefers to work with startups and individuals with a focus on victims of nursing home abuse, medical malpractice, and vehicular accidents. Mr. Kelley also specializes in workers’ compensation and social security disability claims.
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Why use UpCounsel to hire a Pennsylvania S Corporation Formation Attorney?

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Why use UpCounsel to form an S Corporation in Pennsylvania

Starting an S Corporation in Pennsylvania with a business startup attorney on UpCounsel is easy, informative, and cost-effective. In just three simple steps, our S Corporation attorneys will help you protect your business and personal assets, and help you organize your business for state and federal compliance for an S Corporation.

When forming an S Corporation in Pennsylvania with UpCounsel, the attorney you choose to help you will conduct a business name search for your Pennsylvania S Corporation and assist you in preparing your S Corporation Operating Agreement, along with providing other legal services based on your needs. Once your Articles of Incorporation have been prepared and successfully filed with the Pennsylvania Department of State, your Pennsylvania S Corporation has been formed and begins its existence as a corporate entity.

However, a corporation does not register as an S Corporation with the Department of State. It registers as a corporation with the state and then may file for S Corporation status with the IRS. S Corporation status is a taxation category which provides income tax advantages to small businesses.

Choosing a Company Name for Your S Corporation

One of the first steps in the process of forming your S Corporation is to choose your business name.

The business name that you choose must contain the words "Incorporated" or "Inc." It must be distinguishable (not the same as or deceptively similar to) the name of an S Corp or foreign S Corporation reserved or registered.

Your S Corporation name may contain the name of one or more members.

By using UpCounsel, you can choose several business names in order of preference. Your attorney of choice can then conduct a name check for your Pennsylvania S Corp before filing to see which names are available. Once you have chosen an available name, your chosen S Corporation attorney can help you properly register your name with the State of Pennsylvania.

Requirements for Forming a Pennsylvania S Corporation

Articles of Incorporation: When forming an S Corporation in Pennsylvania, the Articles of Incorporation must be filed with the Pennsylvania Department of State. Pennsylvania state law requires that certain information be included in your Articles of Incorporation when forming your Pennsylvania S Corporation.

This information must include:

  1. The S-Corp's name and address.
  2. The name and address of the S-Corp's registered agent.
  3. The name and address of the S-Corp's incorporator(s).
  4. The number of shares the S Corporation is authorized to issue.
  5. The effective date of the Articles.

New Entity Docketing Statement: This form must also be filed to the Pennsylvania Department of State along with the Articles of Incorporation.

Your Docketing Statement must provide:

  1. The S-Corp's name.
  2. The name and address of person responsible for the initial tax reports.
  3. The purpose for which the S Corporation is organized.
  4. The S-Corp's effective date.
  5. The S-Corp's Employment Identification Number (EIN).
  6. The S-Corp's fiscal year end.

Additionally, a Pennsylvania S Corporation formation generally requires inclusion and/or consideration of the following:

S Corporation Qualification Requirements: For a corporation to qualify as a S Corporation for tax purposes, it must meet the following requirements:

  1. Must be a domestic corporation.
  2. Have only allowable shareholders including individual, certain trusts, and estates; and may not include partnerships, corporations or non-resident shareholders
  3. Have only one class of stock
  4. Have no more than 100 shareholders
  5. Not be an ineligible corporation (i.e. certain financial institutions, insurance companies, and domestic international sales corporations).

Additionally, a Pennsylvania S Corporation formation generally requires inclusion and/or consideration of the following:

S Corporation Operating Agreement: Although the S Corporation Operating Agreement is not required with the Articles of Incorporation, it is a good idea for every S Corporation with more than one member to have one.

Membership: A S Corporation must have one or more members.

Eligibility Requirements: A natural person or an entity.

Procedure for Membership: The member may acquire an interest in the S Corporation directly from the S Corporation at the time of formation and, after formation, at the time provided in and upon compliance with the Articles of Incorporation or the operating agreement or, if not provided, only upon the vote of a majority in interest of the S Corporation members, excluding the vote of the person acquiring the membership interest, and only when the person becomes a party to the S-Corp's operating agreement.

Business Licenses: Business licenses and/or permits are required for most S-Corp's offering specific professional services. Contact the Pennsylvania State Corporations Commission for specific licenses.

Resident Agent needed for a Pennsylvania S Corporation

Remember every Pennsylvania S Corporation must have a registered agent in Pennsylvania, which is the person or office designated to receive official state correspondence and notice if the company is "served" with a lawsuit. The statutory agent may be a Pennsylvania resident or business entity authorized to do business in the state. However, the registered agent must have a physical Pennsylvanian street address.

Pennsylvania Department of State

Once you create an S Corporation in Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Department of State will require that certain recurring responsibilities and duties be fulfilled. The most important of these are explained below.

For further information, contact the Pennsylvania Department of State.

Recurring Responsibilities and Duties for Pennsylvania S Corporations

Annual Report: The Pennsylvania Department of State generally does not require an annual report for a S Corporation.

Certificate of Annual Registration: Only S Corporations that engage in professional services, must file a Certificate of Annual Registration with the Pennsylvania Department of State. This must be filed yearly before April 15th and an annual fee of $500 times the number of the S-Corp's members must be paid.

Records: Each Pennsylvania S Corporation must keep the following records open to inspection at its office:

  1. A complete and accurate books and records of account.
  2. A copy of the minutes of the proceedings of the incorporators, shareholders and directors.
  3. A share register giving the names and addresses of all shareholders and the number and class of shares they hold.
  4. A signed "Incorporator's Statement" showing the names and addresses of the initial directors who will serve on the board until the first annual meeting of shareholders.

Business Licenses: Business licenses and/or permits are required for most businesses and must be renewed annually with the Pennsylvania Department of State. The license and renewal fee is $200. However, single member S Corporations need not obtain a S Corporations license; instead, they should obtain one license listing them as the business. There are also several exemptions from the license requirement, including (1) a person who operates a business from home and earns from that business (net income) less than 66.67% of the average annual wage, and (2) landlords renting out four or fewer dwelling units.

Filing Fees for a Pennsylvania S Corporation

The processing fee for the Articles of Incorporation and the Docketing Statement is generally about $125. Also, the filing and reservation of the S-Corp's name is $70. These fees can change so it would be best to check with the Pennsylvania Department of State on what the latest fees are. You may pay these fees in many different forms including cash, check, money orders, or debit and credit cards.

Taxes for a Pennsylvania S Corporation

A Pennsylvania S Corporation is a special type of corporation created through an IRS tax election. An eligible corporation can avoid double taxation (once to the corporation and again to the shareholders) by a corporation with a Subchapter S designation by the IRS. A corporation must file a Form 2553 to elect "S" status within two months and 15 days after the beginning of the tax year.

Owners of the S Corporation report business losses or profits on their personal tax returns, and therefore the business itself is not taxed. Each shareholder is responsible for paying taxes on their pro rata share of the S corporation's items of income, deductions, and credits (through a Schedule K-1 form).

Pennsylvania state law follows federal law for income tax purposes. Therefore if a corporation is classified as an association taxable as a S Corporation for federal income tax purposes, so will it be taxable as a corporation for state tax purposes.

Federal Income Tax: An S Corporation does not pay federal income tax.

Pennsylvania State Income Tax: For a Pennsylvania S-Corp, each shareholder will be subject to Pennsylvania Personal Income Tax on each shareholder's pro rata share of the S Corporation income, whether distributed or not. Pennsylvania also imposes a capital stock tax on S Corporations that are based in Pennsylvania or conduct business in the state.

Federal Tax Identification Number: Your corporation will need to obtain a federal tax identification number, which is also known as an Employment Identification Number (EIN). You do not need to get a new EIN after the corporation choose to become a S Corporation. An EIN is similar to an individual's social security number. You will need an EIN for your S Corporation as long as there is one member, even if the S Corporation does not have employees. For certain tax filing requirements the attorney you choose on UpCounsel can help prepare your Federal Tax ID Application, if you have not done so already.

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