Ohio S Corp Formation

Ohio S Corporation Formation

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Steven S.

Steven Stark

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For over 30 years, Steven Stark has offered counsel to non-profit organizations and private companies. He has a passion for helping small businesses in particular since he himself started several businesses of his own in New York and Florida. He understands the importance of small businesses having a reliable attorney to advise them about legal matters from their inception.
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Richard Gora

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Looking for an attorney with experience? Richard Gora is the exact attorney you want. Having defended over 100 cases both in state and federal courts and working with clients from around the globe, Richard has an array of different experiences. His services are wide-ranging and include business litigation, securities litigations, employment litigation, and business counsel. Prior to founding Gora LLC, he worked for Finn, Dixon & Herling LLP for eight years.
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Joshua Garber

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Representing notable clients like Tesla and the City of Los Angeles, Josh Garber excels at helping clients with employment and labor laws. Many of his past clients have had great success using Josh for employment agreements and Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE) hearings. With his practical advice, he has even helped clients avoid going to court.
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Kevin King

Kevin King is a San Francisco-based attorney who specializes in small business law, consumer debt issues, and real estate law. He counsels small businesses as well as non-profits and he has experience in securities and finance, tax law, commercial contracts, copyright law, and trademark law. Kevin holds an LL.M. in Intellectual Property.
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Gamal Hennessy

Gamal Hennessy is an attorney at law with almost two decades of experience. He is exceptionally experienced in drafting, closing, reviewing and negotiating commercial contracts. Gamal has represented corporate clients in a wide variety of industries. He is licensed to practice law in New York and he obtained his legal degree from the New York Law School. Gamal has been an attorney at Creative Contract Consulting since May 2003.
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Mo Khan

Mo Khan is a startup lawyer who advises entrepreneurs and startup companies. Previously, he worked for Microsoft Corporation as an Attorney and Licensing Business Development Manager. His areas of focus include company formation, venture finance, technology development, intellectual property protection, deal and sales closings to M&A. In 1995, he graduated with his J.D. from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law.
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Christopher Armstrong

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Transactional attorney who concentrates on all aspects of business transactions. Represent domestic equity investors, real estate developers, property owners, REITS, public... read more
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Q. Anthony S.

Q. Anthony Siemer

With extensive experience working with both startups and mature companies, Q. Anthony Siemer practices in the areas of general business, corporate law, LLCs and partnerships, commercial real estate, estate planning, and probate. He has been part of the Leading Lawyers Network since 2004. Before embarking on his legal career, he served as a bank director for 41 years.
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Omar Nassar

Sometimes real estate transactions need an expert touch, and that is where Omar Nassar comes in. Mr. Nassar has been involved in the real estate market as an investor, real estate agent, broker, landlord, developer, and an attorney. He has participated in hundreds of real estate transactions and his wide variety of experience is invaluable to many real estate clients.
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Jenifer Phelps

Jennifer Phelps is a corporate attorney with eight years of experience. She is licensed to practice law in Arizona and received her degree in law from the University of Southern California, Gould School of Law. Jennifer primarily specializes in legal matters that involve commercial contracts. She is also experienced in providing legal assistance to start-up companies. Jenifer has been serving as a managing partner at The Storey Lawyers PLC since October 2016.
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Why use UpCounsel to hire a Ohio S Corporation Formation Attorney?

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Why use UpCounsel to form an S Corporation in Ohio

Starting an S Corporation in Ohio with a business startup attorney on UpCounsel is easy, informative, and cost-effective. In just three simple steps, our S Corporation attorneys will help you protect your business and personal assets, and help you organize your business for state and federal compliance for an S Corporation.

When forming an S Corporation in Ohio with UpCounsel, the attorney you choose to help you will conduct a business name search for your Ohio corporation and assist you in preparing your S Corporation Operating Agreement, along with providing other legal services based on your needs. Once your Articles of Incorporation have been prepared and successfully filed with the Ohio Secretary of State, your Ohio corporation has been formed and begins its existence as a Corporation entity.

However, a corporation does not register as an S Corporation with the Secretary of State. It registers as a corporation with the state and then may file for S Corporation status with the IRS. S Corporation status is a taxation category which provides income tax advantages to small businesses.

Requirements for Forming a Ohio S Corporation

Choosing a Company Name for Your S Corporation

One of the first steps in the process of forming your CA S Corporation is to choose your business name.

The business name that you choose must contain the words "Incorporated" or "Inc." It must be distinguishable (not the same as or deceptively similar to) the name of an S Corp or foreign S Corporation reserved or registered.

Your S Corporation name may contain the name of one or more members.

By using UpCounsel, you can choose several business names in order of preference. Your attorney of choice can then conduct a name check for your Ohio S Corp before filing to see which names are available. Once you have chosen an available name, your chosen S Corporation attorney can help you properly register your name with the State of Ohio.

Articles of Incorporation: When forming an S Corporation in Ohio, the Articles of Incorporation must be filed with the Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio state law requires that certain information be included in your Articles of Incorporation when forming your Ohio S Corporation.

This information must include:

  1. The S-Corp's name.
  2. The effective start date of the Articles.
  3. The S Corporation must appoint a statutory agent designated to for its' service of process. The Original Appointment of Statutory Agent (incorporated into the Articles form) must provide the agent's name and address as well as the agent's signature accepting the appointment.
  4. The number of shares the S Corporation is authorized to issue.
  5. The amount of initial stated capital.

S Corporation Qualification Requirements: For a corporation to qualify as a S Corporation for tax purposes, it must meet the following requirements:

  1. Must be a domestic corporation.
  2. Have only allowable shareholders including individual, certain trusts, and estates; and may not include partnerships, corporations or non-resident shareholders.
  3. Have only one class of stock
  4. Have no more than 100 shareholders
  5. Not be an ineligible corporation (i.e. certain financial institutions, insurance companies, and domestic international sales corporations).

Additionally, a Ohio S Corporation formation generally requires inclusion and/or consideration of the following:

S Corporation Operating Agreement: Although the S Corporation Operating Agreement is not required with the Articles of Incorporation, it is a good idea for every S Corporation with more than one member to have one. The Articles of Incorporation may contain restrictions or prohibitions on the power of the members to adopt, amend, or repeal an operating agreement. Ohio recognizes operating agreements as governing documents.

Membership: A S Corporation must have one or more members.

Eligibility Requirements: A natural person or an entity.

Procedure for Membership: The member may acquire an interest in the S Corporation directly from the S-corp at the time of formation and, after formation, at the time provided in and upon compliance with the Articles of Incorporation or the operating agreement or, if not provided, only upon the vote of a majority in interest of the S Corporation members, excluding the vote of the person acquiring the membership interest, and only when the person becomes a party to the S-Corp's operating agreement.

Business Licenses: Business licenses and/or permits are required for most S-Corp's offering specific professional services. Contact the Ohio State Corporations Commission for specific licenses.

Resident Agent needed for a Ohio S Corporation

Remember every Ohio S Corporation must have a registered agent in Ohio, which is the person or office designated to receive official state correspondence and notice if the company is "served" with a lawsuit. The statutory agent must be one of the following: 1) A natural person who is a resident of Ohio; or 2) a domestic or foreign corporation that has a Ohio business address.

Ohio Secretary of State

Once you create an S Corporation in Ohio, the Ohio Secretary of State will require that certain recurring responsibilities and duties be fulfilled. The most important of these are explained below.

For further information, contact the Ohio Secretary of State.

Annual Report: Ohio does not require S Corporations to file an annual report.

Records: Each Ohio corporation must keep the following records open to inspection at its office:

  1. Accounts of record
  2. Minutes of the proceedings of the incorporators, shareholders, directors and committees of the directors.
  3. A record of the shareholders, including their name and addresses and listing number and class of shares issued or transferred to them.
  4. A signed "Incorporator's Statement" showing the names and addresses of the initial directors who will serve on the board until the first annual meeting of shareholders.

Filing Fees for a Ohio S Corporation

The processing fee for the Articles of Incorporation is generally about $125 but may be expedited for additional fees. Also, the filing and reservation of the S-Corp's name is $50. These fees can change so it would be best to check with the Ohio Department of State on what the latest fees are. You may pay these fees in many different forms including cash, check, money orders, or debit and credit cards.

Taxes for a Ohio S Corporation

A Ohio S Corporation is a special type of corporation created through an IRS tax election. An eligible corporation can avoid double taxation (once to the corporation and again to the shareholders) by a corporation with a Subchapter S designation by the IRS. A corporation must file a Form 2553 to elect "S" status within two months and 15 days after the beginning of the tax year.

Owners of the S Corporation report business losses or profits on their personal tax returns, and therefore the business itself is not taxed. Each shareholder is responsible for paying taxes on their pro rata share of the S corporation's items of income, deductions, and credits (through a Schedule K-1 form).

Ohio state law follows federal law for income tax purposes. Therefore if a corporation is classified as an association taxable as a S Corporation for federal income tax purposes, so will it be taxable as a corporation for state tax purposes.

Federal Income Tax: An S Corporation does not pay federal income tax.

Ohio State Income Tax: A Ohio S Corporation is subject to Ohio's commercial activity tax (measured by gross receipts).

Federal Tax Identification Number: Your corporation will need to obtain a federal tax identification number, which is also known as an Employment Identification Number (EIN). You do not need to get a new EIN after the corporation choose to become a S Corporation. An EIN is similar to an individual's social security number. You will need an EIN for your S Corporation as long as there is one member, even if the S Corporation does not have employees. For certain tax filing requirements the attorney you choose on UpCounsel can help prepare your Federal Tax ID Application, if you have not done so already.

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