Ancillary documents are papers, forms, and other information that are related to a main document. They are often used as a method to verify and support a main document.

To better understand, take the example of a birth certificate. This would be the primary document. To support and verify the birth certificate, you might use the following ancillary documents:

  • Hospital record of birth
  • Hospital report to the local birth registry

Another example would a hospital certificate, which is the main document. To support and verify the certificate, you could include:

  • Cash receipts
  • Bills of medicines

Perhaps a better way to think of an ancillary document is as a supporting document you might find at the end of a report in the appendix. It's not crucial data, but it helps you build a better understanding of the matter.

Types of Ancillary Documents

There are several different kinds of ancillary documents, especially when it comes to legal matters.

  1. Power of Attorney: This document lets you give control of your assets to another person you trust. If there's ever a time when you can't speak for yourself, such as if you're in a coma or are of unsound mind, they will make decisions on your behalf. This might include selling your home, opening a checking account in your name, or even paying taxes for you. However, this doesn't give them full reign to empty your bank account; all power of attorneys must act in your best interest.
  2. Durable Power of Attorney: A Durable Power of Attorney form is very similar to a normal Power of Attorney form, except that it can be general or limited. In a general Durable Power of Attorney, the person you select will have full control of all your financial matters. A limited Durable Power of Attorney only gives the person control over certain aspects of your finances, such as selling a house.
  3. Medical Power of Attorney: If you become too weak to make your own medical decisions, a Medical Power of Attorney will have legal responsibility to do so for you.
  4. Directive to Physicians and Family or SurrogatesBetter known as living wills, this type of document declares whether or not you would like life-sustaining medical procedures if you are too incapacitated to decide. You can also specify if you do not want life-sustaining medical treatment.
  5. Do Not Resuscitate: You might know this form as a DNR. It specifies that you do not want medical professionals to try and resuscitate you if your heart stops. This includes CPR and artificial ventilation. To make it legal, you must sign your DNR in the presence of two witnesses and also get your doctor to sign it.
  6. Organ Donation: If you get in an accident and are brain dead, doctors can harvest your organs for other patients. This form specifies exactly what organs you'll allow them to harvest.
  7. Emergency Document Card: With an Emergency Document Card, you can inform healthcare professionals of your medical issues even if you're unconscious and unable to describe them yourself.
  8. Authorization for Release of Medical Information: A person's private health information is protected by HIPAA. To give medical professionals and other organizations your health information, you'll need to fill out an Authorization for Release of Medical Information form.
  9. Declaration of Guardian: If you were to ever suffer an accident or illness that makes you incompetent, a Declaration of Guardian form specifies who you want to take care of you and your estate. They will make your medical decisions but cannot make decisions about your finances. If there is someone you really don't want to be your guardian, you can also specify this.

Ancillary Documents in Share Purchase Transactions

You can also use ancillary documents in share purchase transactions. These act as supporting documents to the agreement, tax covenant, and disclosure letter and may include:

  • Board minutes and member resolutions if a meeting was held to discuss the deal and approve the transaction
  • A guarantee of the seller's obligations, which may also be provided in a separate agreement
  • Any loan notes that specify terms and conditions
  • Escrow arrangements
  • Deed of contribution if there are multiple sellers involved
  • Put and call options

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