Patent Translation: Everything You Need to Know
Patent translation is the process of translating a patent application into another language so the information can be accessed by an international audience.3 min read
Patent translation is the process of translating a patent application into another language so the information about the invention can be accessed by an international audience. This is especially important in the modern global landscape where businesses increasingly compete on the worldwide stage. Success in this realm comes from innovation, which is why patent protection for these innovations is so important.
The Need for Patent Translation
The need for patent translation is increasing with the steadily increasing number of worldwide patent applications. According to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), companies spend $1 billion annually on patent translation. In 2014 alone, more than 76,000 U.S. patents were translated into other languages, as well as more than 100,000 European patents.
The Cost of Patent Translation
Patent translation requires the substantial cost of a translator who has the specialized technical skill necessary to translate complex industry jargon and legal patent language. Most translators can handle about 2,000 words per day, or eight pages, meaning that the average 9,400-word patent application will take about a week to translate without accounting for quality assurance measures such as proofreading. Translation costs represent a major budget item for those who plan to apply for patent protection in more than one nation.
The cost of translating a patent varies by industry, with biotech and pharma companies spending the most on average. That's because these applications are usually translated into twice as many languages as those in other industries.
The cost of translation also varies based on the average income of the country in question. For example, it's more expensive to hire a translator in high cost-of-living countries such as Sweden and Japan, and more affordable in countries with a lower cost of living, such as Spain and China.
Even within the same language, dramatic price variance can occur because of the lack of industry transparency. In many cases, these price disparities reflect the quality of the finished product.
The Importance of Quality Translation
Strong translations can have a positive impact on the value of your international patents, while poor translation can lower their value. Because a good translation must marry complicated technical content with expertise about both the science and language issues at hand, hiring the wrong professional can have grave consequences in the form of major errors in content. These consequences include:
- Production delays
- Increased costs for correcting erroneous translations
- Damaged ability to enforce international patents
In one survey, more than 80 percent of respondents reported experience with incorrect patent translations; in a quarter of these cases, these errors damaged the ability of the innovation to receive patent protection.
For this reason, patent translation must be actively managed when a company is attempting to build an international patent portfolio. Translation is costly and the effects of a poor patent translation on an invention can be disastrous. Centralizing translation management can improve budget projections, increase transparency, stabilize costs, and increase buying power. This also improves quality and establishes lines of accountability to reduce errors.
Filing vs. Information Translations
In most cases, you must file for a patent in every nation where you want to obtain IP protection for your invention. These applications are usually required to be submitted in the official language of the country in question. It's important to understand the differences between translating a patent for information and doing so for filing.
Patents translated for filing will serve as the official record of your patent in the foreign nation in question. The audience for this document is patent licensees, patent office employees, and legal professionals. This type of translation should be written in a clear manner and minimize the use of technical jargon. Short, simple sentences are best. Once translated, the application should be understandable by someone with limited expertise in the field.
Information translations are used for patents that have already been filed, typically when they are needed as legal evidence. Typically only the relevant portion of the application needs to be translated. Unlike filing translations, however, in which the translator can take liberties with language and format, this type of translation must be as close as possible to the original language used.
In both cases, you may be required to use a certified translator.
If you need help with translating a patent, you can post your legal need on UpCounsel's marketplace. UpCounsel accepts only the top 5 percent of lawyers to its site. Lawyers on UpCounsel come from law schools such as Harvard Law and Yale Law and average 14 years of legal experience, including work with or on behalf of companies like Google, Menlo Ventures, and Airbnb.