Financial Plan Sample For Small Business: Everything You Need to Know
A financial plan sample for small business is good to use when establishing your own financial plan for your new business. 3 min read
A financial plan sample for small business is good to use when establishing your own financial plan for your new business. The business plan is important and highly beneficial, as it can help you identify your short-term and long-term goals, along with what you are hoping to achieve as a small business owner during the lifetime of the business.
Such business plans will include the type of products you are offering, any services being offered, where you plan on operating, how you plan to have such products made, and more. Included in the financial plan will be a marketing strategy and how you expect to find new clients. It will also include how you plan on raising capital, whether you want to try to find outside investors or obtain lending from financial institutions. Even if you don’t need financial assistance in order to get your company up and running, it is still a good idea to draft a financial plan so you can get a better idea of how you expect to expand your business over the next few years.
Components of the Plan
The components of any business plan must be clear and concise. Most financial plans include 3 specific financial statements as follows:
- Income statement
- Cash flow statement
- Balance sheet
You should utilize all three statements to come up with an analysis as to how your business is currently doing, what you expect to achieve in the coming year, and other long-term goals and visions for your company. Most business owners draft a 3-year and 5-year projection to ensure that proper projections are made to not only keep your company financially afloat, but also to expand and grow both financially and in size if so desired.
For example, in addition to increasing your profits, you might want to hire 10 new employees for your small business. If this is the case, then you will need to incorporate the additional costs and expenses associated with bringing on new employees. This doesn’t just include hourly or yearly salaries, but also workers compensation insurance, unemployment insurance, withholding taxes, and more.
Cash on Hand vs. Loans
When you look at your cash flow, you want to find out exactly how much cash you have on hand. In order to do this, you should conduct a current asset ratio as well as a quick asset ratio. The current asset ratio can be calculated by simply dividing your liabilities by your assets. This will give you a better idea of your overall financial performance. Such assets will include both short-term and long-term assets. Those short-term assets include accounts receivable that you expect to receive within the next year. Long-term assets, however, are those accounts receivable that you don’t expect to receive until some point in the future, but not within the next year. An example of a long-term asset could be an ongoing construction contract in which the contract calls for full payment upon completion, which isn’t expected to be complete for another two years.
While the current asset ratio is helpful, it might be even more helpful to conduct a calculation on the quick asset ratio. This is calculated by taking your equity and short-term assets divided by your liabilities. It properly identifies the amount of cash you have on hand. Most financial institutions look at such immediate cash numbers in determining whether or not your business is justified in receiving the loan.
With that said, banks generally offer various types of loans. Therefore, if you need financial assistance getting your company off the ground, you will want to think about what you actually need financial assistance for. Do you need a loan for creating a new business area? Or are you a brand new business owner wanting to formally establish your small business? Some startup expenses might include the following:
- Registration fees
- Business licensing/permits
- Initial Lease payment on a rental property
- Down payments on property being purchased
- Equipment purchasing
- Utility fees
However, you might also need financial assistance with some ongoing operating expenses, such as:
- Salary payments to your employees
- Rent or mortgage payments
- Storage fees
If you need help learning more about a financial plan for your small business, you can post your legal need on UpCounsel’s marketplace. UpCounsel accepts only the top 5 percent of lawyers to its site. Lawyers on UpCounsel come from law schools such as Harvard Law and Yale Law and average 14 years of legal experience, including work with or on behalf of companies like Google, Menlo Ventures, and Airbnb.