Express Offer in Contract Law: Everything You Need to Know
When it comes to express offer in contract law, this type of arrangement is more direct than an implied offer.3 min read
When it comes to express offer in contract law, this type of arrangement is more direct than an implied offer. Contract law may fit into two primary categories: implied or express. Express contracts are legally binding agreements, and the terms are all stated in writing or orally. For an express agreement to work, there should be offers made a by person involved in the agreement, including the acceptance of that offer from another party.
To assess if an express agreement has been properly constructed, the courts will determine the communications between the parties during the creation of the agreement. In general, if express contracts between two parties are made, the contract that embraces the same subject cannot be implied.
Express contracts have clear terms, and such terms are defined within express agreements to include the following:
1.Amount of goods that are delivered, including certain rendered services
2.The time frame in which a transaction must take place
The acceptance of express agreements should be unequivocal, meaning that it must adhere exactly to terms that are offered in the agreement. If parties agree to a contract, but wish to amend the conditions and terms later, then that sole party is not unequivocally adhering to the agreement and is looking to make counter offers. When counteroffers have been issued, the agreement does not qualify as an express contract.
Moreover, express agreements are only valid when something is exchanged in return for something of value, and someone must suffer a loss of some type. Such factors would bind the parties when it comes to the contract and considered valid in court. This also compels all parties to uphold the end of a bargain, and to earn a reward if necessary.
Such a contract element may be satisfied by the parties that agree to pay the money in return for goods delivered or services.
For example, express contracts are created when a single party offers to install new carpeting in another party’s house for a payment of $1,000.
When a party receives installation of a carpet, and another party is paying a certain amount for that certain service, this would constitute an express contract, and it can be rendered valid in court.
If James sells Kyle an Ipad for $500, and Kyle responds with a $450 counteroffer, Kyle can either reject the offer or negotiate. If James accepts Kyle’s offer, then two have entered into an express agreement.
Kyle and James have expressed terms under which the agreement would happen. This constitutes an express contract since the stated terms are done by all parties. Of the two contract types, express agreements are common examples.
Implied agreements, however, do not involve written agreements. With that, the circumstances of the situation leading to either a single person benefiting from actions, along with understanding within parties that an agreement exists, would qualify as the implied variety. The law also does not make a distinction between agreements created via words and others fostered through conduct. Therefore, an implied contract is as binding as an express agreement arising from the declared intentions of the parties. The only difference is that implied agreements will refer to the intention of the parties.
Traits of Implied Contracts
Implied contracts can be further defined into agreements that were implied in law or in fact. When it comes to implied in-fact contracts, it stems from the conduct of all parties instead of words. This means that the parties conduct themselves in a manner that amounts to a contract that’s legally enforceable. All elements of an enforceable contract may be inferred from the conduct of all parties.
For instance, Rob asks Will, a lawyer, for professional advice. Rob knows that Will is a lawyer and will charge for the advice. Such a transaction is true, even though Rob and Will did not make express promises to pay for such services.
An implied in-fact contract is one that exists when an individual comes to an establishment, expecting to get a service. If a person goes to a deli, for example, the manager expects the customer to order and pay for a meal. The customer also expects to get what he ordered after paying for it.
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