Knowing the cash requirements from start up is an important part of starting a successful business. Your start up costs will be the amount of money that you will need to spend on long-term assets to begin your company. This will include such big-ticket items as:

  • Land.
  • Buildings.
  • Equipment.
  • Machinery.
  • Inventory.

These components are necessary to begin producing and selling your goods or services. Though these are the basic costs of starting up a company, what a business owner defines as their start up costs can be a matter of opinion. Once the initial expense to start the business has occurred, other long-term expenditures may be defined as assets instead of startup costs.

How Much Cash Will You Need for Your Startup Costs?

When determining your costs for your start up, it is important to start small even though you probably have high expectations for how your business will grow. Make sure your desires are reasonable, and they also account for issues that may arise. Consider inexpensive ways to get your products and services to your customer and grow larger or expand when you start making the funds to do it.

Estimate the Costs You Will Have

On average, a microbusiness will run around $3,000 to start, and home-based enterprises cost between $2,000 and $5,000. Every business will have its own different financial needs, though there are some tips for making sure you have the right amount. Some tips when determining this estimate include:

  • Having an estimated six months of expenses to begin your startup.
  • Having the target customer identified before starting the venture so you can begin selling once you start.
  • Not underestimating what possible expenses you might incur.
  • Considering all the costs even the ones that seem small.

Unfortunately, many businesses that fail early do so because they run out of money. One way to avoid this is writing a business plan that is based in reality so it can start on a realistic foundation.

Types of Costs

There are a variety of costs that a business will experience over its life and knowing what these costs are and how to classify them is an important part of setting your business up for success.

  • One-time costs: One time expenses are an important part of the startup process. This can include such purchases as buildings, equipment, and office furniture.
  • Ongoing costs: These costs will recur on an ongoing basis and include such items as utilities. These costs will typically stay constant from month to month.
  • Essential costs: These expenses are ones that are deemed necessary for the growth and development of your business.
  • Optional costs: These type of costs fall under the category of purchases wanted when the budget allows. These costs are best left to purchase when cash flow allows it.
  • Fixed costs: A fixed cost is a cost that does not vary from month to month like rent. It is these costs that will eat up a lot of revenue during the early days of your business.
  • Variable costs: These costs will fluctuate based on your product and services and include costs such as materials and labor. These costs will increase and decrease with sales.

Project Cash Flow

Part of starting your new business includes estimating the cash flow that you can expect. New business owners will need to make projections for their cash flow for at least the first three months and include not only the fixed costs but also the costs of goods in both good and poor scenarios.

When taking into account borrowed money you need to count the expense not only of the monthly payment but also the interest that you will know. This helps to provide you with a more accurate cash flow projection. If possible, it is best to start a business without having to borrow any funds at all. This will take some of the pressure off of a business that may have a slow start.

Determining Financing Methods

After determining the start up costs and cash flow projections, you will need to determine how you intend to finance your business venture. How you obtain funds can have a direct effect on the future of your business. Some of the most popular financing for new businesses include:

  • Personal savings.
  • Loans from family or friends.
  • Bank or government loans.
  • Grant money.
  • Business lines of credit.

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