What is Intellectual Property (IP) Law?

Intellectual Property (IP) is the legal term used to describe proprietary ownership of an idea, invention, creative property, or other protectable physical item or concept. IP law helps when securing and implementing authorized rights to innovations, designs, and creative works. The aim of IP legal guidelines is to present an incentive for individuals to develop artistic works that profit society, by guaranteeing that they will profit from their works without concern of misappropriation by others.

IP may be purchased just like you would any other object. IP can even be leased out or rented by another person. The following are the premises upon which the underlying IP could also be protected in regulation:

IP regulation encompasses six main areas:

  • Patent Regulation
  • Trademark Regulation
  • Copyright Regulation
  • Commerce Secret Regulation
  • Licensing
  • Unfair Competitors

It is important that a genuinecertificate of ownership be applied while drafting the paperwork and following the procedures necessary to acquire an IP.

By counting on a legal specialist within the discipline who has good standing and expertise, the inventor or artist may be assured that the IP will be adequately protected. Article I, Part 8 of the U.S. Constitution offers Congress authority to grant creatives and inventors unique rights to their ideas, inventions, or works. Part 8 additionally provides Congress the ability to manage interstate and international commerce, offering additional autonomyto regulate legislation accordingly. IP legal guidelines as outlined by Congress are administered by two authority's businesses: the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and the U.S. Copyright Office.

What Intellectual Property Attorneys Provide

Attorneys are typically concerned with defending IP, and their specializations could range across a wide swath of areas within the IP discipline. Typically, there are 5 primary types of IP work that attorneys do.


Patents give inventors the right to make use of their product within the market, or to generate revenue by transferring that right to another person through licensing. Depending on the specific invention, patent rights can last for as long as 20 years. Qualifying objects include the following:

  • New machines
  • Technological enhancements
  • Manufactured items
  • The "look" of a product

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) typically offers three sorts of patents:

  • Plant Patents - Patents to guard sure sorts of vegetation.
  • Design Patents - Patents to guard the decorative traits of a given machine.
  • Utility Patents - Patents to guard innovations with some kind of usefulness.

Patent applications will likely be denied if an invention is believed to be obvious in design, not helpful, or morally offensive.


Copyrights apply to writings, music, videos, structure, and different unique mental and creative expressions. Copyright isn't available for theories or concepts or something that has not been captured in a hard and fast medium. Unlike trademark regulation, copyright regulation doesn't defend names or titles. Most copyrights are valid for the creator's lifetime, plus 70 years.


Trademarks protect symbols, names, and slogans used to determine items and companies. The aim of a trademark is to help the consumeravoid confusion, deter deceptive promoting, and assist shoppers in distinguishing one brand from another. Because the purpose is to differentiate, generic or undescriptive marks might not qualify for a trademark. Trademark IPs can last forever, and they're obtained by merely utilizing a mark.

Trade Secret Law

A trade secret is "A secret method, technique, or machine that offers one an advantage over opponents." To be a trade secret, the knowledge should be such that it's not typically identified by others within the area.

If the proprietor of the trade secret takes affordable steps to maintain the confidentiality of the commerce secret, the courts will defend the trade secret proprietor from unauthorized disclosure using:

  • Industrial spies
  • Opponents who wrongfully purchase the secret
  • Workers of the proprietor of the secret
  • Anybody with any kind of obligation to not disclose the knowledge

Licensing Law

A license is a grant of permission to do one thing with an in any other case protected work or product. A copyright holder can provide permission to different people to repeat their work. Licenses grant rights to do manythings like:

  • Reproduce a piece that's in any other case protected
  • Distribute copies of the work to others by rental, sale, or lease, for instance
  • Showcase the work
  • Arrange byproduct works from the unique work utilizing protected expression from the unique work

If you need help with IP Law, you can post your legal need on UpCounsel's marketplace. UpCounsel accepts only the top 5 percent of lawyers to its site. Lawyers on UpCounsel come from law schools such as Harvard Law and Yale Law and average 14 years of legal experience, including work with or on behalf of companies like Google, Stripe, and Twilio.