C corporations are a common business structure used by businesses and organizations in Chicago and across the US. C corporations have several advantages, such as the ability to raise funds by selling stocks, the benefit of double taxation, and limited liability for the owners. However, understanding the legal requirements for forming, operating, and maintaining a C corporation can be complex. This article will provide comprehensive answers to frequently asked questions about C corporations in Chicago to help you better understand this type of business structure.

What Is a C Corporation?

A C corporation is a type of business entity established under state law. C corporations offer enhanced legal protection for shareholders, double taxation, and the ability to raise funds by selling stock. A C corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners, meaning its owners are not personally responsible for the debts and obligations of the corporation. In Chicago, C corporations are governed by the general Illinois business laws as well as local laws for Chicago-specific businesses.

What Are the Steps for Forming a C Corporation in Chicago?

The process for forming a C corporation requires several steps to ensure the business is compliant with local regulations. The first step is to choose a unique business name that complies with Chicago law. Next, the business must file appropriate paperwork with the Illinois Secretary of State, including Articles of Incorporation and company bylaws. The business is also required to appoint members to the board of directors and shareholders. Additionally, the business must obtain any required licenses and permits as well as open a corporate bank account.

Do C Corporations Need a Lawyer?

Yes, C corporations should consult with an experienced attorney to ensure the business is compliant with all legal requirements. A lawyer can provide counsel on issues such as formation, taxes, employment contracts, intellectual property, and dispute resolution. Additionally, a lawyer can help ensure the business is filing the appropriate paperwork and meeting other business formation requirements. UpCounsel is a great resource to connect business owners with experienced attorneys who specialize in small business legal needs, especially in Chicago.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of C Corporations?

C corporations are popular with businesses because of their many advantages compared to other types of business structures. Some of the benefits of forming a C corporation include the ability to raise funds by issuing stocks, limitation of liability for shareholders, and double taxation. However, there are also some disadvantages, such as the complexity and cost of formation. Additionally, C corporations are subject to more stringent regulations than other types of business entities.

What Are the Ongoing Requirements for C Corporations?

C corporations are required to keep accurate records of all information, such as capital accounts, corporate minutes, stock ownership certificates, and other documents. The business should also file appropriate paperwork with the IRS and local tax authorities. Additionally, the business should have an annual meeting to review its structure, finances, and other operations. Lastly, the business should adhere to any laws and regulations specific to C corporations in Illinois and Chicago.


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