Starting your own business is an exciting and gratifying endeavor, but it can also be daunting. One key decision you must make is selecting the most suitable business entity structure. Here in Texas, you have many options for your business structure, but two of the most commonly-selected are Incorporation (Inc) or Limited Liability Company (LLC). Inc vs. LLC? Which one should you choose?

In this article, we'll explain the basics of Inc and LLC and the primary differences between them, so you can make an informed decision. If you require additional legal assistance setting up your business, UpCounsel's online attorneys are experienced in Texas business law and eager to help.

What Is Incorporation?

Incorporation is a formal structure for a business entity recognized by the state. It is a legal entity separate from the founders of the business, yet provides shareholders with limited, personal liability. This is because the corporation acts as a separate legal entity from its founders: Incorporated business entities are taxable in their own right, have their own set of officers and directors, and are liable for their own debts and other financial obligations.

What Is a Limited Liability Company?

An LLC is similar to a corporation, but it is much less formal and has fewer restrictions. An LLC also grants its members limited liability for any business debts, meaning they will not be liable for these debts, as their personal assets (for example, their homes or their cars) are not used as collateral.

What Are the Differences Between an Inc and an LLC?

The primary differences between an Inc and an LLC are the complexity of organizational structure, the flexibility of management, the taxation rules, and the restrictions on ownership.

Organizational Structure:

Incorporation requires a formal business organization with a clear hierarchy of officers and directors. This is more complex than an LLC, which is a less formal structure. An LLC also has the added flexibility of having truer partnership agreements.

Management and Ownership:

In an Inc, ownership and operational decisions are typically delegated to officers and directors. In an LLC, the management and ownership are shared between all the members.


In an Inc, the taxable income of the corporation is taxed to the shareholders, while the LLC is taxed as a partnership and the members are taxed as self-employed individuals. This allows for greater flexibility in the taxation of the LLC, and the tax rate is typically lower.

Restrictions on Ownership:

Incorporations are often closely held and can be difficult to transfer between owners. An LLC is more flexible, as members can more easily transfer or sell their memberships.

Making the Right Choice

Ultimately, your decision on whether to choose Inc or LLC should be based on the specific needs of your business and your long-term plans. If you're still not sure, UpCounsel's online attorneys can provide assistance, giving you an in-depth understanding of the pros and cons of each legal structure.

When selecting a business entity structure, it is always best to speak with experienced legal counsel in Texas. At UpCounsel, we have a network of experienced business attorneys who specialize in helping other entrepreneurs navigate the business entity structure process, from start to finish.


Inc vs LLC,

Business Entity Structure,

Texas Business Law