Breach of contract elements refers to the factors involved in the violation of a contract. A contract is an agreement, typically concerning employment, sales, the provision of services, or tenancy, that is enforceable by the courts. In a situation where one party fails to uphold the agreement, the other party could potentially take legal action for violation of the contract.


A contract case is typically brought to court in a situation where either one or both parties state that the agreement was violated. A contract violation refers to the non-fulfillment, without lawful reason, of a promise that makes up a section or the entirety of the contract.

This also encompasses the failure to act in a way that measures up to the industry quality standard or the conditions of an explicit or implied guarantee, including implied guarantees related to merchantability.

Elements of an Enforceable Contract

There are three elements that are necessary for an agreement to be legally enforceable:

  1. A Valid Contract – There must be evidence that one party proposed an offer, the other party agreed to the offer, and that consideration was provided. Consideration refers to something that each party gave and obtained.
  2. Violation of the Contract – Any violations that deduct value from the non-violating party could potentially be cause for legal proceedings. Some violations are considered minor and not suitable for the courts. However, some breaches, such as material violations, are more significant. A consequence of such violations could be a lawsuit.
  3. Compensation for Violation of Contract – When a plaintiff proves that an appellant caused harm to them as a result of a contract violation, a judge might decide to compensate them for damages, lost profits, and lost hours. Depending on the situation, correctional damages could additionally be granted to the plaintiff in order to penalize the defendant.

Breach of Contract Elements

  • A violation of a contract happens when one party to an agreement does not uphold any part of that agreement with no sufficient legal cause.
  • An anticipatory violation transpires when a party specifies, either through words or deeds, that they will not uphold any part of the agreement.
  • A claim for the violation of an agreement will not be upheld if the plaintiff is unable to prove that he or she suffered harm as a direct effect of the violation.
  • Agreements are used for their predictability.
  • Contracts enable us or should enable us, to strategize and plan.
  • Additionally, individuals depend on good faith performance by the parties with whom they have an agreement. However, this does not occur all of the time.
  • A violation can result from a contract that is ambiguously worded, an unpremeditated failure to uphold the agreement, or unfitness to uphold the terms in the event of a changed situation.

Analyzing a Breach of Contract

  • A breach of a formal agreement can be tactical. For example, a deliberate choice by one party to break the agreement, or a refusal to uphold based on one party's belief that the terms are not legally enforceable.
  • Regardless of the reason, a violation is nearly always problematic, creates doubt, and delays plans.
  • Claims for violation of an agreement should be accurately and carefully reviewed and then tackled according to a strategy.
  • Lawyers utilize a fundamental model to analyze such claims. However, first, they must prove the existence of a valid contract.
  • A valid contract exists when there is an offer, acceptance, and when consideration is given.
  • Consideration arises when both parties to an agreement receive advantages from the agreement and both suffer damages as a result of the agreement.

Typically, both parties need to be able to provide consent in order for a contract to be valid. Generally, minors are not capable of consenting to formal agreements. Both parties must have the intention to make the agreement. Excessive pressure, coercion, and fraud all nullify intent. The agreement must also be legal, as a judge will not consider a breach if the contract is illegal.

Therefore, the initial step in the process is to decide whether a contract was formed legally. In order for a valid contract to arise, there must be an offer of exact terms and this offer must be accepted.

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